Graph: Fines for Criminal and Civil Cases

This graph shows the fines (penalties) levied against violators of environmental laws as a result of civil and criminal EPA enforcement cases.

Use the cursor to hover over the graph and see presidential administrations and specific numbers. The dotted line is the average. The bar with an asterisk is an outlier, truncated to make the rest of the graph more legible. The data are for fiscal years, which begin October 1 and end September 30. The calendar year it ends in is the year used to name the fiscal year. For example, fiscal year 2015 started on October 1, 2014 and ended on September 30, 2015. Inflation adjustment is in 2020 dollars. For more information terms, see the APE Glossary and Primer: How Enforcement Works at the EPA.


EPA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, "National Enforcement Trends (NETs) Report" (August 2011); EPA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, Annual Reports (various years). Inflation adjustment: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers.

Data download and links to sources.

Data dictionary.


Steven Geofrey and Leif Fredrickson, "Graph: Fines for Criminal and Civil Cases," A People's EPA.