Timeline: Enforcement at the EPA

Explore the importance of enforcement to the creation of the EPA, and the changing way that the EPA has approached enforcement over time.

Note: this timeline is best viewed on a normal screen.


Joel Mintz, Enforcement at the EPA: High Stakes and Hard Choices (University of Texas Press, 2012); Zygmunt Plater et al., Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law, and Society, 3rd edition (Apen Publishers, 2004); Karie Wiltshire and M. Nathan Mason, "Environmental Crimes," in Wilbur R. Miller, ed., The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia (SAGE Publications, 2012); Washington Legal Foundation, "Environmental Protection Agency Criminal Enforcement Policies" (no date); Environmental Data & Governance Initiative "A Sheep in the Closet: The Erosion of Enforcement at the EPA" (Updated May 2019); John Cooney Environmental Crimes Deskbook (Environmental Law Institute, 1996).


Leif Fredrickson, Emily Pawley, Chris Sellers, Jay Turner, Jessica Varner and Marianne Sullivan, "Timeline: Enforcement at the EPA," A People's EPA.